Essays

Muti-function Energy Meter

December 30, 2019

Abstract

An IoT based Smart and Muti-function Energy Meter for Automatic Meter Reading using Arduino kit. It has provision of connecting with Central database maintained by energy provider using Cloud computing as well as Tampering detection of energy meters .It can prevent theft detection from unregisterd users saving losses due to it. Remarkable feature of this meter is Internet of Things based implementation According to the market requirements of Arduino Meter there is necessity of smart Arduino Meter. Nowadays the system will use Wireless system for communication protocol.

The Wireless is used since the application need high speed data rate, need to be low powered and low cost. In this project presenting the remote wireless Arduino Meter Reading System. This aims at resolving the shortcomings of the technology of the traditional Arduino Meter Reading, by combining the characteristics of the Wireless technology and IEEE 802.15.4 standard with AVR Microcontroller ATMega16.

The hardware implementation was designed, and then analyzed the use cases for Arduino Meter. There are more chances of manual error, delay in processing, tampering of the meter and misusage of the Electricity by other sources. It requires so many workers, one set of workers to note down the reading and other set to cut the power if the payment is not paid at the right time and we have very poor servicing.
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INTRODUCTION

In the Internet of Things (IoT) model, many of the living and non-living things that encompass us will be on the internet in one form or another. Driven by the popularity of gadgets empowered by wire-less technological innovation such as Wireless Bluetooth, Radio Frequency Identification, Wireless-Fidelity, embedded sensor, IoT has moved out from its beginning stage and it is actually on the edge of changing the present fixed inter-net into a well featured upcoming Internet. Currently there are almost nine billion inter-connected gadgets and it is estimated to touch almost fifty billion gadgets by 2020.

Today the world is facing such an environment that offers challenges. Energy crisis is the main problem faced by our society. A relevant system to control and monitor the power usage is one of the solutions for this problem. One approach through which today’s energy crisis can be addressed is through the reduction of power usage in households. The consumers are increasing rapidly and also burden on electricity offering divisions is sharply increasing.

The consumers must be facilitated by giving them an ideal solution: – i.e. the concept of IoT (Internet of Things) meters and on the other hand service provider end can also be informed about electricity thefts using theft detection unit and PLC modem. By keeping above factors, the concept of IoT meters thrived consisting of 4 units: Microcontroller unit, Theft detection unit, PLC unit and Wi-Fi unit.

Microcontroller based design and implementation of energy meter using IoT and PLC concept. The user can monitor the energy consumption in units from a web page by providing device IP address. Theft detection unit connected to energy meter will notify company side when meter tampering occurs in energy meter and it will send theft detect information through PLC modem and theft detected will be displayed on the terminal window on the service provider end.

Embedded systems and Real Time Operating systems (RTOS) are two among the several technologies that will play a major role in making these concepts possible [2]. A large number of people are already depending on operating systems for real time applications, these ‘eyes in the sky’ are now going to make an impact on our everyday lives in a more significant manner. Embedded systems are pre-designed without connections and operate as per the required task. But in operating systems instruction is design-oriented.

These systems are basically platform-less systems. Embedded systems are the unsung heroes of much of the technology we use today the video game we play, or the CD player or the washing machines we use employ them. Without an embedded system we would not even be able to go online using modem Almost every car that rolls off the production line these days makes use of embedded technology in one form or the other; most of the embedded systems in automobiles are rugged in nature, as most of these systems are made up of a single chip. No driver clashes or ‘systems busy’ conditions happen in these systems.

Their compact profiles enable them to fit easily under the cramped hood of a car. These systems can be used to implement features ranging from adjustment of the suspension to suit road conditions and the octane content in the fuel to antilock braking systems (ABS) and security systems. Embedded systems are designed to do some specific task, rather than be a general-purpose computer for multiple tasks. Some also have real time performance constraints that must be met, for reasons such as safety and usability; others may have low or no performance requirements, allowing the system hardware to be simplified to reduce costs.

The live metering system is designed to make the prevailing electricity billing system simpler and efficient. The conventional metering system is done manually. An employee of the Electricity Board will be coming to take the reading and enter in the card. There are more chances of manual error, delay in processing, tampering of the meter and misusage of the Electricity by other sources. It requires so many workers, one set of workers to note down the reading and other set to cut the power if the payment is not paid at the right time and we have very poor servicing.

Instead of utilizing man power in billing system, we can automate the system and the man power can be utilized to provide quality service. The system is installed at the site of a standard utility meter and is configured for monitoring and operation by a user via keyword command programming on a data terminal or personal computer. In the Live metering System designed, the units consumed are measured at the consumer side in the form of pulses, it is transmitted to the Electricity Board side where the units consumed and amount equivalent is calculated. The monetary values are displayed both at the consumer module and electricity board.

In Maharashtra, there are more than crore meters for electricity that are read every month, at a cost in salaries, transportation and other expenses that tops Rs. 3848.4 crore (200\14-2015) .

A meter-reading system would still require someone driving by every meter and getting a reading through a hand-held receiver, but even newer technology – called an live metering meter reading system (LMR) – would eliminate even that need. An LMR is a sophisticated communication link directly from the meters to the central office computers that will also speed locating service interruptions, faulty meters and service theft, as well as allowing for expanded services, such as flexible billing dates, time-of-use rates and prepaid accounts. Meters could also be turned on or off directly from the office rather than having to send out an employee to do it manually.

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